MSU UARC is shutting down effective June 30, 2021. We are no longer taking on new projects.

Usability & Accessibility of Outdoor Recreation Websites

The goal of the project was to enhance the US Army Corps of Engineers Natural Resources Management (NRM) Gateway by making recommendations based on feedback from the Corps and non-Corps community regarding the development of knowledge management features for the Visitors Page, also known as the Corps Lakes Gateway. We conducted a series of usability evaluations of the Corps Lakes Gateway with blind, low vision, dyslexic, and sighted adults to access and improve the usability and accessibility of an outdoor recreation website for visitors with disabilities.

  • Sarah Swierenga (PI) Dennis Propst (Co-PI), and Constantinos Coursaris (Co-PI)
  • Grant funder: USDA/US Army Corps of Engineers


  • Swierenga, S. J., & Propst, D. B. (2012). User Experience Evaluation Techniques for Designing Usable and Accessible Websites. Workshop presented at the Michigan Recreation and Parks Association (MRPA) conference, Dearborn, MI.
  • Swierenga, S. J., Sung, J. E., Pierce, G. L., & Propst, D. B. (2011). Website design and usability assessment implications from a usability study with visually impaired and sighted users. In Stephanidis, C. (ed.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science: Vol. 6766. Universal Access in HCI: Users Diversity (pp. 382-389). Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Swierenga, S. J., Propst, D. B., Pierce, G. L., & Sung, J. E. (2011, June 22). Impact of visual impairments on the duration of usability tests. Poster presented at the Usability Professionals' Association International Conference 2011, Atlanta, GA.
  • Swierenga, S. J., Sung, J. E., & Propst, D. B. (2011). Outdoor recreation information website usability study with visually impaired and sighted users. In International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference Proceedings. Los Angeles, CA: CSU Northridge. Available online at: